Publication Etics

This statement is to clarify the ethical behavior and legal standards of all parties involved in the publishing process of OVUM: Journal of Midwifery and Health Sciences including the author, members of the editorial board, reviewers, and publisher. This journal expects all parties to understand its ethics policy before submitting or accepting to review an article.

1. Author assignment

Authors must submit original works that have never been published and are equally not considered by other journals or publishers. Original article means not just repeating previous work. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal is unethical and unacceptable. Original research articles must be presented in detail and accurately. Use citations properly when replicating the work, ideas and or words of others to minimize the possibility of plagiarism and other research fraud including falsification of data. This is often found in the practice of modifying inappropriate results, sources, and interpretations to make elaborations believable.

Authors must notify editors after they discover significant errors or inaccuracies in their publications to make retractions or corrections. If necessary, the author must disclose the data to the editor during the review process for the accuracy of the report. Appropriate acknowledgment of the people involved must always be committed. If they have made a significant or substantial contribution to the concept, design, conduct, or interpretation of the reported research, they must be listed as co-authors. Associated authors have a responsibility to ensure that those co-authors agree to submit their work for publication. Relevant authors must also disclose any sources of funding and certify that doing so will not affect the outcome of the report.

T-shirt and behavior studies sometimes involve human subjects. If the manuscript contains any of these methods, it is unethical for the authors to exploit and/or disclose any confidential data or information about human subjects.

2. Editor's Duties
The editor is responsible for the initial review of the manuscript to evaluate authenticity and performs the first screening of any research fraudulent practices. During review, the editor may only consider the content of the article without regard to the author's gender, race, religious belief, ethnic origin, nationality, or philosophy. Any information related to the author and unpublished material that is treated as confidential documents may not be shared with others outside the article's publishing process or used for the editor's own research without written permission from the author. Editors are responsible for fairly and wisely selecting peer-reviewers who have sufficient expertise and avoid conflicts of interest. The editorial board has the responsibility to make decisions about the publication of articles. If there is evidence of research fraud such as plagiarism, copyright infringement or defamation, the editor has the right to contact the author to justify and confirm the data in the article. These rights and responsibilities are given to the editorial board in order to guarantee ethical and quality articles.

3. Reviewers' duties
Reviewers are a group of people who assist the editorial board in making decisions and simultaneously improving the quality of articles. Therefore, reviewers play an important role in any scientific journal publication. Reviewers must provide high-quality feedback on their assigned manuscripts. It must be constructive, clearly stated, with supporting arguments or references. The review process must be carried out objectively so that the Reviewer's personal criticism of the author may not mark the work. Selected reviewers who feel they are not qualified or unable to provide feedback in a timely manner should notify the editor and excuse themselves from the review process. Therefore, if he or she wishes to provide a manuscript to a colleague for review, they must have the prior permission of the editor. The reviewer must express no interest to the editor before accepting the review or during the review process. They should decline to review if anything creates a competitive, collaborative or other relationship challenge with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the article.
All information during the peer-review process must be kept confidential and may not be exploited. Reviewers have the responsibility to provide recommendations and notify editors if evidence of fraud is found during the peer review process.

4. Duties of Journals and Publishers
Journals and publishers must commit to ensuring that the source of funding does not influence editorial decisions. They must develop policies that accommodate the interests of scientific development and the protection of creators' intellectual rights. Journals and publishers must allow corrections, revocations, and revisions from authors through a flexible mechanism after obtaining permission from the editor.