Effectiveness of Virtual Reality based-exercise to Increase Physical Activity on Older Adult with Sedentary Lifestyle during COVID-19 Pandemic: a Literature Review


Older Adults
Physical activity
Sedentary lifestyle
Virtual reality


The instrumental activities of daily living were affected during the COVID-19 outbreak. The older adults in COVID-19 pandemic are one of the vulnerable groups that are being affected by infections and other health problems. This also affects a decrease in physical activity and an increasingly sedentary lifestyle. This can contribute to worsening pre-existing chronic disease, accelerating weakness or locomotive syndromes, and increasing long-term morbidity among older adults. Virtual reality (VR) can provide viable alternative interventions for the older adults. This study aims to see the effectiveness of virtual reality-based exercise in increasing physical activity and sedentary lifestyle of the older adults. The literature was conducted by analyzing articles related to Virtual Reality, Sedentary lifestyle, COVID-19 pandemic, Older adults, and locate peer-reviewed studies published between 2015-2021.In total, 7 journal publications had analyzed, The VR techniques based on exercises has many positive effects to older adults in improving activity to avoid a sedentary lifestyle, such us, it can increase daily physical activity, improve the balance of performance, reducing the risks of falls, improve quality of life and also improve the social and emotional well-being of older adults.  Furthermore, older adults perceived that VR techniques to be useful, easy to use, and enjoyable experience.This intervention based on the explores of this literature can resolve the sedentary lifestyle that occurred to older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic.



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