The Description of Blood Pressure in The Elderly at Tresna Wredha Elderly Social Institution, Wana Sraya Denpasar and Santi Elderly Social Institution, Tabanan
PDF

Keywords

Blood Pressure
Elderly
Descriptive

Abstract

The most common health problem due to aging process is hypertension. These health problems often occur in the elderly due to the decreased function of the heart, liver, and kidney organs as well as the increased function of the elderly body organs caused by the decreasing of needed body cell number. If hypertension is not treated well, it can arise various complications that can worsen the health. This study aims to learn the description of blood pressure in the elderly at Tresna Wredha Elderly Social Institution, Wana Sraya Denpasar and Santi Elderly Social Institution, Tabanan. The research design used was descriptive method. Total population of 50 elderly, 8 elderly did not meet the criteria so that it took 42 respondents. The research instrument used was observation sheets, Sphygmomanometer and Stethoscope. Data processing was done by using computerization. Data were presented textually and accompanied with a table. There were 21 respondents (50%) with normal blood pressure meanwhile 21 other respondents (50%) showed an increase in blood pressure ranging from high normal category, 1st degree hypertension and 2nd degree hypertension. Most of the elderly blood pressure shows normal blood pressure with a range of <130 - <85 mmHg of 21 respondents (50%).

PDF

References

D. Nasrullah, Buku Ajar Keperawatan Gerontik. Jakarta: CV. Trans Info Media, 2015.

T. B. Medika, Berdamai dengan Hipertensi. Jakarta: Bumi Medika, 2017.

K. RI, Riset Kesehatan Dasar: RISKESDAS. Jakarta: Balitbang Kemenkes RI, 2013.

A. Muttaqin, Buku Ajar Asuhan Keperawatan Klien dengan Gangguan Sistem Kardiovaskuler dan Hematologi. Jakarta: Salemba Medika, 2012.

P. R. Dewi and I. W. Sudhana, "Gambaran Kualitas Hidup Pada Lansia Dengannormotensi Dan Hipertensi Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Gianyar I periode Bulan November Tahun 2013," E-Jurnal Medika Udayana, vol. 3, 2014.

S. S. A, "Gambaran Kualitas Hidup Lansia Dengan Hipertensi Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Rendang Pada Periode 27 Februari Sampai 14 Maret 2015," Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana. Intisari Sains Medis, vol. 4, pp. 113-124, 2017.

G. Singalingging. Karakteristik Penderita Hipertensi Di Rumah Sakit Umum Herna [Online].

Muniroh, Lailatul, Wirjatmadi, Bambang, and Kuntoro, "Pengaruh Pemberian Jus Buah Belimbing Dan Mentimun Terhadap Penurunan Tekanan Darah Sistolik Dan Diastolik Penderita Hipertensi," The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, vol. 4, 2007.

S. Irza, "Analisis Faktor Risiko Hipertensi pada Masyarakat Nagari Bungo Tanjung, Sumatera Barat (skripsi)," Universitas Sumatera Utara, 2009.

Promkes Sardjito. Pencegahan Penyakit Hipertensi Dengan Gaya Hidup Sehat Dan Peningkatan Pengetahuan Tentang Hipertensi. Unit Promosi Kesehatan RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta access on 28 Agustus 2019. https://sardjito.co.id/2018/07/09/pencegahan-penyakit-hipertensi-dengan-gaya-hidup-sehat-dan-peningkatan-pengetahuan-tentang-hipertensi/