Old age has a higher risk for suffering from dementia. Although there is currently no cure for dementia, there are several modality therapies that can be applied to help deal with complaints that arise in dementia. This study aims to identify the effect of modality therapy on cognitive, physiological and psychological changes in dementia patients. A systematic review was conducted, we performed a systematic review on Science direct, PubMed, Ebsco, Web of Science, Cinahl, Research Gate database for relevant articles. Studies were included if the interventions with modality therapy were carried out in Dementia patients, both those treated at home and nursing homes.
A total of 17 articles were included and 3 main categories emerged: cognitive, physiological, and psychological. Some therapeutic studio modalities can improve cognitive and physiological. Of these three categories, the category of psychological change is most often found. Psychological changes in depression, delusions and hallucinations (psychosis), agitation, apathy, aggression, sleep disturbance and disinhibition (inappropriate social relations and sections).
The provision of modality therapy can help improve psychological problems of patients treated both at home and in nursing homes, and this modality therapy can be recommended in providing implementation and activities tailored to the patient's characteristics and controlling external factors to achieve therapeutic effectiveness.
A. Sulistyawati, Rr.Laeny., Saubani, “1,2 juta orang Indonesia diperkirakan idap Demensia,” Republika.co.id, 2017.
E. Cabrera, C. Sutcliffe, H. Verbeek, K. Saks, G. Meyer, S. Karlsson, and A. Z. On, “Non-pharmacological interventions as a best practice strategy in people with dementia living in nursing homes . A systematic review,” Eur. Geriatr. Med., p. 17, 2014.
C. Hsieh, C. Chang, S. Su, Y. Hsiao, Y. Shih, W. Han, and C. Lin, “Reminiscence Group Therapy on Depression and Apathy in Nursing Home Residents With Mild-to-moderate Dementia,” J. Exp. Clin. Med., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 72–78, 2010.
W. J. W. Bossers, T. T. Smits, M. G. M. M. Olde, and R. P. C. R. Kessels, “Positive effects of combined cognitive and physical exercise training on cognitive function in older adults with mild cognitive impairment or dementia : A meta- analysis,” Ageing Res. Rev., 2017.
Y. Lee, Jin., Lee, Byounghee., Park, Yuhyung, Kim, “Effects of combined fine motor skill and cognitive therapy to cognition , degree of dementia , depression , and activities of daily living in the elderly with Alzheimer ’ s disease,” J. Phys. Ther.Sci, vol. 27, pp. 3151–3154, 2015.
K. Seifert, A. Spottke, K. Td, and I. F. Fliessbach, “Effects of sculpture based art therapy in dementia patients — A pilot study,” Heliyon, no. November, p. e00460, 2017.
A. Takeda, E. Watanuki, and S. Koyama, “Effects of Inhalation Aromatherapy on Symptoms of Sleep Disturbance in the Elderly with Dementia,” vol. 2017, 2017.
A. Balzotti, M. Filograsso, C. Altamura, A. Bellomo, F. Daddato, R. Anna, B. Fairfield, and M. Altamura, “Comparison of the efficacy of gesture ‐ verbal treatment and doll therapy for managing neuropsychiatric symptoms in older patients with dementia,” no. July, pp. 1–8, 2018.
B. Van Deun, N. Van Den Noortgate, and A. Van Bladel, “Managing Paratonia in Persons With Dementia : Short-term Effects of Supporting Cushions and Harmonic Techniques,” J. Am. Med. Dir. Assoc., pp. 1–8, 2019.
Y. Kapoor and R. Orr, “Effect of therapeutic massage on pain in patients with dementia,” 2015.
K. Yoshiyama, H. Arita, and J. Suzuki, “The Effect of Aroma Hand Massage Therapy,” vol. 0, no. 0, pp. 1–7, 2015.
H. Mette, O. Ridder, B. Stige, L. Gunnhild, and C. Gold, “Individual music therapy for agitation in dementia : an exploratory randomized controlled trial,” Aging Ment. Health, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 667–678, 2013.
M. Liao, “Effects of garden visits on people with dementia : A pilot study,” no. August, pp. 0–20, 2018.
A. Raglio, G. Bellelli, D. Traficante, M. Gianotti, M. C. Ubezio, D. Villani, and M. Trabucchi, “Efficacy of Music Therapy in the Treatment of Behavioral and Psychiatric Symptoms of Dementia,” vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 158–162, 2008.
J. Jaaniste, S. Linnell, R. L. Ollerton, and S. Slewa-younan, “Drama therapy with older people with dementia — Does it improve,” Arts Psychother., 2015.