Iron deficiency called anemia is still a health problem in Indonesia which has a bad impact on sufferers, especially in pregnant women. Pregnant women affected by anemia reach 40% -50%, meaning that 5 out of 10 pregnant women in Indonesia suffer from anemia. Fe tablets or blood booster tablets are 60 mg of iron and 0.5 mg of folic acid given orally or commonly referred to as oral iron therapy. The iron content in Fe tablets is greater than that of folic acid, this is because iron deficiency anemia is the main cause of anemia in pregnant women compared to other iron deficiencies. The purpose of this study to find out the compliance of Fe tablets consumption with the incidence of anemia in pregnant women and the difference in the incidence of anemia after giving Fe tablets to pregnant women.
This type of research is a quasi-experimental two group pretest-posttest design research design. The study population was all pregnant women in the village of Ngasinan, Sukoharjo. The research sample was 35 pregnant women with random sampling techniques. Collecting data using examination of hemoglobin levels and a closed questionnaire. Data analysis with univariat analysis and multivariat analysis using one way anova.
The results of the one way anova test results obtained F count was 19,735 with a significance of 0,000. In the hypothesis test the test decision is if F arithmetic > F table or significance value ≤ 0.05. There is a significant difference between compliant in consuming Fe tablets with the incidence of anemia in pregnant women.
Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Profil Data Kesehatan Tahun 2017. Februari 2018.
WHO. Worldwide Prevalence of Anemia. Geneva: World Health Organization 2018.
Sengpiel V, Bacelis J, Myhre R, et al, Folic acid supplementation, dietary folate intake during pregnancy and risk for spontaneous preterm delivery: a prospective observational cohort study . BMC Pregnancy Childbirth, 2 November 2014.
Ratna Prahesti, Dono Indarto, Muhammad Akhyar, Analysis of Factors Associated with Anemia in Pregnant Women at Prambanan Community Health Center, Sleman, Yogyakarta. J. Of Maternal anda Child Health, Vol 1 No. 2. 2016. pp. 131-137.
Pena-Rosas JP, Viteri FE, Effects and safety of preventive oral iron or iron and folic acid supplementation for women during pregnancy, Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Oct 7; (4):CD004736.
Ojofeitimi EO, Ogunjugiyigbe PO, Sanusi, et al. Poor Dietary Intake Of Energy and Retinol among Pregnant Women: Implications for pregnancy Outcome in Southwest Nigeria.Pak J.Untr.2008.
Yeni Andriyani, Supriyadi Hari Respati, Okid Paramaastirin. Effectiveness of Pregnant Woman Class in The Prevention of Pregnancy Anemia in Banyuwangi, East Java, J. Of Maternal anda Child Health, Vol 1 No. 4 2016.pp, 230-241.
World Health Organization. Global nutrition targets 2025: anaemia policy brief. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2014.
Pena-Rosas JP, Viteri FE, Effects of routine oral iron supplementation with or without folic acid for women during pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Jul 19; (3):CD004736
Mary Wanjira Kamau,Waithira Mirie, and Samuel Kimani, Compliance with Iron and folic acid supplementation (IFAS) and associated factors among pregnant women: results from a cross-sectional study in Kiambu County, Kenya. BMC Public Health. 2018; 18: 580. Published online 2018 May
Gebre A, Afework M, Belachew E. Assessment of factors associated with adherence to iron-folic acid supplementation among urban and rural pregnant women in North Western Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia: comparative Study. Int J Nutr Food Sci. 2015;4(2):161–8.
Haryadi Asmarita Jasda The Relationship of Pregnant Women Knowledge about Iron Deficiency Anemia and the Role of Family in Compliance in Consuming Fe Tablets in Health Center. JNKI Vol 6 No 1. 2018.
Bilimale, A., Anjum, J., Sangolli, H. N., Mallapur, M, Improving Adherence to Oral Iron Supplementation during pregnancy. AMJ, 2010, 3, 5,pp. 281-290.