THE APPLICATION OF SLEEP HYGIENE THERAPY IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN WITH SLEEP DISORDERS PROBLEMS IN SERENGAN VILLAGE
Keywords:Sleep Patterns, Sleep Pattern Disorders, School age children, Sleep hygiene therapy
Sleep is a repetitive neurobehavioral state of relative perceptual detachment and is not responsive to the environment, accompanied by a reclining position, calm behavior and closed eyes, which are important for health (Buysse, 2014). Sleep quantity disturbance is the non- fulfillment of normal sleep duration, which can result from difficulty initiating sleep or inability to maintain sleep. Sleep quality disorders are sleep interruptions due to awakening when sleep is of short duration but with frequent and repeated frequency (Cortese, et al. 2014). Sleep hygiene therapy is the most effective non-pharmacological therapy to overcome sleep pattern disorders (Yaremchuk, 2018). The general purpose of this case is to provide "The Implementation of Sleep Hygien in Elementary School Age Children with Sleep Disorders Problems in Serengan Village". The research method of this case study is descriptive in the form of family nursing care to explore nursing care problems for healthy school-age children. The research subjects used in this study were 1 client of school- age children who were in 1 family. The conclusion of the results of the problem of sleep pattern disorders in elementary school-aged children before the application of sleep hygiene was that they experienced sleep pattern disturbances with a total of 7 hours, after sleep hygiene the amount of sleep was 9 hours. Problems that arise before being given sleep hygiene are disturbances in sleep patternsand knowledge about sleep and rest after sleep hygiene problems are resolved
Nanda International (2018). Diagnosis keperawatan definisi dan klasifikasi 2018-2020. Jakarta : ECG
Intansari Nurjannah, SKp., MNSc., PhD (2018), Dalam Buku Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC)
Fadzil, A. (2021) „Review: Factors Affecting the Quality of Sleep in Children‟, Children, 8(2), p. 122. doi: 10.3390/children8020122.
Buysse, D. J. (2014) „Sleep health: can we define It? does it matter?‟, Sleep, 37(1), pp. 9–17. doi: 10.5665/sleep.3298.
Harmoniati, E. D. et al. (2016) „Intervensi Sleep Hygiene pada Anak Usia Sekolah dengan Gangguan Tidur: Sebuah Penelitian Awal‟, Sari Pediatri, 18(2), pp. 93–99. doi: https://doi.org/10.14238/sp18.2.2016.93-9.
Hartini, S. et al. (2017) „Item analysis and internal consistency of children‟s sleep habit questionnaire (CSHQ) in Indonesia version‟, Belitung Nursing Journal, 3(6), pp. 645– 655. doi: https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.184.
Maasalo, K. et al. (2016) „Sleep and behavioural problems associate with low mood in Finnish children aged 4-12 years: An epidemiological study‟, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health. BioMed Central, 10(1), pp. 1– 8. doi: 10.1186/s13034- 016-0125-4.
Marcdante, K. J. and Kliegman, R. M. (2019) Nelson Essentials of Pediatrics. 8th edn. Philadelphia: Elsevier.
Mindell, J. A. and Owens, J. A. (2015) Clinical Guide to Pediatric Sleep: Diagnosis and Management of Sleep Problem. 3rd edn, Lippicot Williams & Wilkins (LWW). 3rd edn. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer.
Natalita, C., Sekartini, R. and Poesponegoro, H. (2016) „Skala Gangguan Tidur untuk Anak (SDSC) sebagai Instrumen Skrining Gangguan Tidur pada Anak Sekolah Lanjutan Tingkat Pertama‟, Sari Pediatri, 12(6), p. 365. doi: 10.14238/sp12.6.2011.365-72.
Owens, J. A., Spirito, A. and McGuinn, M. (2000) „The Children‟s Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ): psychometric properties of a survey instrument for school-aged children‟, Sleep, 23(8), pp. 1043–1051. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2001.tb00204.x.