• Febrina Agusti Departemen Teknik Industri Universitas Duta Bangsa Surakarta
  • Fery Fery Wisnu Saputro Universitas Duta Bangsa Surakarta
  • Indah Wahyu Utami Universitas Duta Bangsa Surakarta
  • Fertilio Dwyanto Universitas Duta Bangsa Surakarta



MCDM; Tools; Sustainability; SMEs


The importance of SMEs to world economic and are pillars of the country's economic development. The number of SMEs was increased from year to year in the world. The number of SMEs in ASEAN alone currently reaches more than 70 million business units and cover 99% of all businesses in the region. Directly proportional to it, competition and sustainability vulnerabilities also getting higher. Sustainability issues had been the main focus for SMEs. Sustainability was based on three main baselines (economic, social, and cultural). Currently, a tool needed to assessment sustainability and develop a competitive strategy for these SMEs. However, the tools for sustainability assessment in SMEs was not available. This study aims to develop a sustainability assessment tool in the SMEs sector. Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) was a framework that supports the decision-making process by combining several baselines. One of the MCDM methods that can be used was the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP).


ASEAN SME Service Centre (2020) About Us: SMEs in ASEAN [online] (accessed 8 April 2022).

Asif, M., dan Searcy, C. (2014). A composite index for measirung performance in higher education institutions. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 31(9), 983-1001.

Batalhao, A.C.D., Teixeira, D., and De Godoi, E.L. (2017). The barometer of sustainability as a monitoring tool of sustainable development process in Ribeirao Preto, Brazil. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering A 6, 120-126.

Bayraktar, M., and Algan, N. (2019). The importance of SMESs on world economies. International conference on Eurasia Economies.

Bhamra, T., Hernandez, R., Rapitsenyane, Y., and Trimingham, R. (2015) Product Service Systems: a sustainable design strategy for SMEs in the Textiles and Leather sectors. SHEJI The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation, 4 (3), 229-248.

Bonnet, J., Martinez, E.C., and Maissant, P.R. (2021). Evaluating sustainable development by composite index: evidence from Franch Departments. Sustainability, 13(761), 1-23.

Chen, D., Schudeleit, T., Posselt., and Thiede, S. (2013). A state-of-the-art review and evaluation of tool for factory sustainability assessment. Procedia CIRP 9 (85-90).

Chen, D., Thiede, S., and Herrmann C. (2014) A holistic and rapid sustainability assessment tool for manufacturing SMEs. CIRP Annals, 63(1), 437-440.

Fernandez, S.D.C., Pigosso, D.C.A, McAloone, T.C., dan Rosenfeld, H. (2020). Towards product-service system oriented to circular economy: a systematic review of value preposition design approaches. J. Clean. Prod, 66, 507-519.

Gallego, I dan Font, X. (2019). Measuring the vulnerability of tourism destionations to the availability of air transport, using multi-criteria composite indexes. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 14, 1-11.

Jayasundara, J.M.S.B., Rajapakshe, P.S.K., Prasanna, R.P.I.R, Gamage N., Sisira, K., Ekanayake, E.M.S., and Abeyrathne, G.A.K.N.J. (2020). The nature of sustainability challenge in Small and Medium Enterprises and its management. MPRA. 98418.

Kjaer, I.I., Pigosso, D.C.A., McAloone, T.C., dan Birkved, M., (2018). Guidelines for evaluating the environmental performance of product-service-systems through life cycle assessment. J. Clean. Prod, 190, 666-678.

Mapar, M., Jafari, M. J., Mansouri, N., dan Arjmandi. (2020). A composite index for sustainability assessment of health, safety and environmental performance in manucipalities of megacities. Sustainable Cities and Society, 60(102164), 1-13.

Ngamsomsuke, W., Hwang, T.C., dan Huang, C.J. (2011). Sustainable culture heritage tourism indicators. International Conference on Social Science and Humanity, 5, 516-519.

Panda, S., Chakraborty, M., dan Misra, S.K. (2016). Assessment of social sustainable development in urban Indian by a composite index. International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment, 5, 435-450.

Pratama, A. (2019) “SMEs As The Backbone of Southeast Asia’s Growing Economy” 29th April, International Federation of Accountants – Issues and Insights, (accessed 7 April 2022).

Purwaningsih, R., Yudha, M.C., dan Susanto, N. (2016). Penilaian keberlanjutan ukm batik kota semarang dengan metode product service system. Jurnal Teknik Industri, 18(1), 31-42.

Purwaningsih, R., Agusti, F., Pramono, S.N.W., Susanty, A., and Purwanggono, B. (2020). Assessment sustainable tourism: a literature review composite indicator. E3S Web of Conferences, 202 (03001).

Purwaningsih, R., Ameliafidhoh, Z., Susanty, A., Pramono, S.N.W., Agusti, F. (2021). Sustainability status assessment of the Borobudur temple using the Rap-Tourism with Multi-Dimensional Scaling (MDS) approach. E3S Web of Conferences, 317 (05004).

Sarfiah, S.N., Atmaja, H.E., and Verawati, D.M. (2019)UKM sebagai pilar membangun ekonomi bangsa MSMES the pillar for economy. Jurnal REP (Riset Ekonomi Pembangunan), 4 (2).

Schaper, M.T. (2020). The missing (small) businesses of Southeast Asia. ISEAS PERSPECTIVE, 79, 1-11.

Tsvetkova, D., Bengtsson, E., and Durst, S. 92020). Maintaining Sustainable Practice in SMEs: insights from Sweden. Sustainability, 20 (10242), 1-26.

Tukker, A., (2015). Product service for a resource-efficient and circular-economy-a review. J. Clen. Prod, 97, 76-91.

Wisudawati, T., and Sulistyowati, E. (2020). Pelatihan perancangan kemasan untuk meningkatkan kualitas produk di pabrik krupuk SGM Mulya. Aptekmas Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, 3(3).

Ziout, A., Azab, A., Altarazi, S. A., and Elmaraghy, W.H. (2013). Multi-criteria decision support for sustainability assessment of manufacturing system reuse. CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology, 6(1), 59-69.